The 11+ Benefits Of Maqui (Aristotelia Chilensis)

Maqui, The "Superfruit"

 
maqui.jpg
 

Maqui (also known as Chilean wineberry, or Chilean blackberry) is a plant native to Chile and Argentina. 

Its berries and leaves have profound bioactive health benefits, which we will discuss in this post.

Contents:

  1. Basics
  2. Benefits Of Maqui
  3. My Experience With Maqui And Where To Get It
  4. Caveats
  5. Mechanism Of Action
  6. More Research

Basics

Many of the benefits of Maqui (Aristotelia chilensis) originate from its high amount of delphin and anthocyanin (a type of flavanoid that gives Maqui its black color) and its high amount of potassium, calcium, magnesium, and molybdenum. R R

It shows to be one of the highest Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC), which ranks for high amounts of antioxidants. R

It has higher antioxidant levels than cranberries, pomegranates, and açai. R

Apart from supplementation, its consumed as juice and jam, as well as used as a natural food colorant, especially for coloring wine. R

 
 

Benefits Of Maqui

1. Protects The Brain 

 
 

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in the brain and low levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh). R

Maqui may help prevent AD by providing neuroprotective effects against Aβ plaques. R

Maqui is an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, and may help increase levels of ACh in the body and brain. R

Maqui also prevents inflammation from endotoxins, which is a common problem with neuroinflammation (inflammation of the brain). R

2. Fights Diabetes And Obesity

Maqui may help with diabetes. R

Delphinol, a Delphinidin-Rich Maqui Berry Extract, is able to reduce fasting blood glucose and insulin levels in prediabetic patients when administered in a single dose. R

Delphinol can also be taken prior to eating to reduce glucose/insulin spikes. R

Maqui can decrease fasting blood glucose levels and glucose tolerance in obese mice. R

It also increases insulin uptake by the cells. R

By modulating the immune system (as a potent anti-inflammatory), Maqui can prevent insulin resistance. R

The antioxidants in Maqui may help with prevention of obesity. R

For example, Maqui can inhibit adipogenesis (growth of fat cells) and inflammation. R

Maqui can inhibit pancreatic lipase. R

3. Combats Heart Disease

Maqui has cardioprotective effects against oxygen-deprived heart damage. R

In a clinical trial, Delphinol was able to prevent the accumulation of oxidized LDL cholesterol (ox-LDL) levels. R

Maqui's ability to prevent ox-LDL may help prevent atherosclerosis. R

4. Protects Smokers From Inflammation

 
 

Maqui has been used as an alternative dietary approach for respiratory disorders. R

For example, maqui can normalize oxidative stress in smokers. R

5. Has Antimicrobial Properties

Maqui has antimicrobial activity against:

  • Achromobacter denitrificans R
  • Alcaligenes faecalis R
  • Aeromonas hydrophila R
  • Bacillus subtilis R
  • Citrobacter freundii R
  • Escherichia coli R
  • Listeria innocua R
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens R
  • Serratia marcescens R
  • Shewanella putrefaciens R
  • Staphylococcus aureus R

Maqui also has antiviral properties herpes (HSV-2). R

Maqui may help with the flu by preventing inflammation and reducing fevers. R

Maqui has nematicidal properties (produces its own pesticides), which means it competes with other plants. R

6. Helps With Wound Healing And Hair Growth

Maqui may help with wound healing and reduce scarring. R

Delphinol may also protect the skin from UVB radiation and act as a natural sunscreen alternative. R R

Maqui can increase human hair papilla cells, and thus may promote hair growth. R

7. Protects The Gut

Maqui has also been used in Chilean traditional medicine to prevent diarrhea. R

It has also been used to treat tonsillitis and oral ulcers. R

Maqui can also prevent inflammation after eating. R

8. Reduces Pain

As an anti-inflammatory, Maqui has analgesic properties and can reduce pain. R

    9. Protects The Eyes

     
     

    Maqui can protect eyes from light-induced damageR

    By inhibiting oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species, aka ROS), Maqui can prevent light-induced photoreceptor cells death. R

    Maqui can help with dry eyesR

    For example, in a clinical pilot study, orally taken MaquiBright could significantly increase tear fluid volume and decrease dry eye symptoms to almost a quarter from initial values after two months of treatment. R

    10. Enhances Bone Strength

    Delphin (in Maqui) can help with bone mineralization and densityR

    It may be useful for osteoporosis. R

    11. May Prevent Cancer

    Maqui may prevent cancer as it is able to inhibit angiogenesis (growth of new blood cells). R

    In low doses, Maqui can reduce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a commonly overexpressed biomarker in tumors. R

    My Experience With Maqui And Where To Get It

     
     

    Maqui/Delphinol - I only notice better photosensitivity tolerance with this

    MaquiBright - I use this for dry eyes

    Maqui Berry Powder / Powder 2 - I put either of these powders in my smoothies for overall inflammation reduction

    Caveats

    Maqui inhibits tyrosinase (TYR) which in theory may prevent repigmentation in skin diseases like vitiligo, but help with melanoma. R

    At normal levels of ingestion, maqui appears to be safe. R

    Mechanism Of Action

     
     https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11101-017-9533-1

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11101-017-9533-1

     

    Simple:

    • Increases ABTS R
    • Increases DCFH R
    • Increases FRAP R
    • Increases G6Pase R
    • Increases IL-6 (in smokers) R
    • Increases IL-10 R
    • Increases ORAC R
    • Increases SOD R
    • Increases TBARS R
    • Reduces α-amylase R
    • Reduces α-glucosidase R
    • Reduces AChE R
    • Reduces AP-1 R
    • Reduces BChE R
    • Reduces COX-2 R R
    • Reduces H2O2 R
    • Reduces iNOS R
    • Reduces MMP1 R
    • Reduces NF-kb R
    • Reduces NO R
    • Reduces Ox-LDL R
    • Reduces PGE2 R
    • Reduces SLC5A1 R
    • Reduces TNF-alpha R
    • Reduces TYR R
    • Reduces VEGF R
    • Reduces 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α R

    Advanced:

    • Maqui consists of anthocyanins (delphinidin and cyanidin 3-glucosides), ellagic acids, and flavanols (quercetin, luteolin, and myricetin). R R
    • The trace elements exhibited highest concentrations in dried maqui berries, followed by the fresh fruits and the derived juice (Si > Fe > Ba > Mn > Zn > Cu > Mo > Cr). R
    • In diabetic obese mice, Maqui decreases glucose production in the liver and increases glucose uptake, while decreasing glucose production and enhancing the insulin-stimulated down regulation of the gluconeogenic enzyme, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase). R

    More Research

    • Deep Sequencing Reveals the Complete Genome and Evidence for Transcriptional Activity of the First Virus-Like Sequences Identified in Aristotelia chilensis (Maqui Berry). R